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It is believed that there are over two hundred
different species of squirrel, and many of them
actually reside right here in the USA. There are
five different “types” here too - red, gray, fox,
flying and even ground. They've got all the bases
The Eastern grey and Western gray squirrels are
the two species of gray squirrel you will find,
and also named gray squirrels, can actually be a
number of different colours, including red, cream,
grey, and even brown. Some even look more like
black. The Eastern grey can grow to 22 inches,
including the tail, weighing between 15 and 20
ounces. Western grey squirrels tend to be slightly
larger, growing to around 24 inches, including the
tail, and up to 35 ounces in weight.
The red squirrel is about half the size of it’s
gray cousin, and it is often called the pine
squirrel because of the pine forests it likes to
live in. You will generally find these hanging
around in the colder, Northern states.
The fox squirrel is the largest of the tree
squirrel species, and these can grow to lengths in
excess of 28 inches long. Also known as the
Bryant’s fox squirrel or eastern fox squirrel, the
ones that are found in the West of the country
generally tend to be a bit smaller than those
Moving on to the ground squirrels, and there are
quite a few of these hanging around the states. In
the Southwestern areas you may come across the
white-tailed antelope squirrel, but across the
board you will find spotted ground squirrels,
California ground squirrels, and the
thirteen-lined ground squirrel, also known as the
leopard ground squirrel or striped gopher. This
one is quite small in comparison, growing to up to
12 inches in length, with an additional 6 inch
tail, and weighing around 10 ounces.
There are just two species of flying squirrel here
- the Southern and Northern flying squirrels. Out
of the two, it will be the latter that is the
larger, and you will find these if you live in
Arizona, Michigan, Alaska and California. Growing
to around ten to fifteen inches in length, they
aren't the largest squirrels on the block, and if
you've ever seen them trying to walk along the
ground, you’ll notice that they are quite clumsy.
Although named Southern flying squirrels, you will
actually find them in more Eastern spots - Florida
mostly. These are actually one of the smallest
Around the globe, the pygmy tree squirrels are the
smallest you’ll ever find, only weighing in at a
teeny-tiny half an ounce. These are only found in
Africa, and if you head to Kazakhstan, you’ll fd
the biggest and heaviest squirrel around the
world, the gray marmot. This is quite the beast,
weighing in at a whopping twenty pounds.
The more squirrels can eat, the bigger they will
get. Squirrels that live in and among humans tend
to be heavier and larger than their more “wild”
cousins, and this is because many of us are making
food so accessible to them.
For more information, you may
want to click on one of these guides that I wrote:
much does squirrel removal cost?
- get the
lowdown on prices.
to get rid of squirrels
- my main squirrel
removal info guide.
squirrel trapping photographs
- learn from great examples of
squirrel jobs I've done.
squirrels in the